Tactile assessment in children with cerebral palsy: A clinimetric review
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This review evaluates the clinimetric properties of tactile assessments for children with cerebral palsy. Assessment of registration was reported using Semmes Weinstein Monofilaments (SWMs) or exteroception. Assessment of two-point discrimination was reported using the Disk-Criminator® or paperclip methods; Single point localization and double simultaneous were reported from the Neurosensory Motor Developmental Assessment (NSMDA); graphaesthesia was reported from the Sensory Integration and Praxis Test (SIPT); and stereognosis was assessed using Manual Form Perception from the SIPT and the Klingels method (Klingels, K. et al. (2010). Upper limb motor and sensory impairments in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Can they be measured reliably? Disability and Rehabilitation, 32(5), 409-416) and the Cooper method (Cooper, J., Majnemer, A., Rosenblatt, B., & Birnbaum, R. (1995). The determination of sensory deficits in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Journal of Child Neurology, 10, 300-309). The SIPT and NSMDA demonstrated stronger content validity. Inter-rater reliability was excellent for SIPT (ICC = 0.99) and exteroception (k = 0.88). Testretest reliability was excellent for exteroception (k = 0.89) and stereognosis (ICC = 0.86; 100%), moderate for SIPT (r = 0.690.74) and poor for SWM (k = 0.22). Together these assessments measure tactile registration and spatial perception. Temporal and textural tests are to be developed for comprehensive tactile examination. © 2011 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
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Tactile function in children with unilateral cerebral palsy compared to typically developing childrenAuld, M.; Boyd, Roslyn; Moseley, G.; Ware, R.; Johnston, L. (2012)Purpose: Tactile deficits have been understudied in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP) using a limited range of tactile assessments. This study aims to characterize performance across a comprehensive battery ...
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