Human Gait Modeling, Prediction and Classification for Level Walking Using Harmonic Models Derived from a Single Thigh-Mounted IMU
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The majority of human gait modeling is based on hip, foot or thigh acceleration. The regeneration accuracy of these modeling approaches is not very high. This paper presents a harmonic approach to modeling human gait during level walking based on gyroscopic signals for a single thigh-mounted Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and the flexion–extension derived from a single thigh-mounted IMU. The thigh angle can be modeled with five significant harmonics, with a regeneration accuracy of over 0.999 correlation and less than 0.5◦ RMSE per stride cycle. Comparable regeneration accuracies can be achieved with nine significant harmonics for the gyro signal. The fundamental frequency of the harmonic model can be estimated using the stride time, with an error level of 0.0479% (±0.0029%). Six commonly observed stride patterns, and harmonic models of thigh angle and gyro signal for those stride patterns, are presented in this paper. These harmonic models can be used to predict or classify the strides of walking trials, and the results are presented herein. Harmonic models may also be used for activity recognition. It has shown that human gait in level walking can be modeled with a harmonic model of thigh angle or gyro signal, using a single thigh-mounted IMU, to higher accuracies than existing techniques.
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