Response of reinforced mortar‑less interlocking brick wall under seismic loading
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Mortar-less construction with interlocking bricks has many advantages, such as improved construction efficiency and relatively low requirements on labour skills. Nevertheless, the seismic performance of interlocking brick structures is not well understood yet. In this paper, laboratory tests and numerical modelling are carried out to investigate the seismic behaviour of interlocking brick walls. Laboratory shaking table tests are performed on a scaled reinforced mortar-less interlocking brick wall. The response and damage modes under in-plane seismic loading are investigated. A detailed numerical model is then generated and validated with the laboratory testing data. Unlike the conventional masonry wall that diagonal shear damage governs the failure, the interlocking brick wall exhibits rocking responses, whose damage is mainly at the two bottom corners of the wall. Full-scale interlocking brick walls are then modelled and compared with conventional concrete masonry unit (CMU) walls bonded by mortar. Comparisons are made between the seismic resistances and damage modes of the two walls. The influences of ground motion intensities, vertical components of seismic excitations and different seismic time histories on the seismic behaviour of the interlocking brick wall are examined. It is found that the interlocking brick wall has a higher seismic resistance capacity than the conventional CMU wall. Inter-brick friction is the main energy dissipation mechanism in the interlocking brick wall. Because of the rocking response, vertical component of the ground motion significantly influences the damage of interlocking brick wall. The interlocking brick wall is insensitive to velocity pulses of ground motions due to its relatively high natural frequency.
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Xie, Guanyu; Zhang, Xihong ; Hao, Hong; Shi, Tingwei; Cui, Liuliang; Thomas, Joyis (2023)Interlocking brick masonry has gained much attention due to its high construction efficiency and low labour skill requirement. Most designs of interlocking bricks only use interlocking keys to provide alignment for easy ...
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