Robust Transceiver Design for Multi-Hop AF MIMO Relay Multicasting from Multiple Sources
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In this article, the transceiver design optimization problem is investigated for multi-hop multicasting amplify-and-forward (AF) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) relay systems, where multiple source nodes broadcast their message to multiple destination nodes via multiple serial relay nodes. Multiple antennas are installed at the sources, relays, and the destination nodes. In the transceiver design, we consider the mismatch between the true and the estimated channel state information (CSI), where the CSI mismatch follows the Gaussian-Kronecker model. A robust transceiver design algorithm is developed to jointly optimize the source, relay, and destination matrices to minimize the maximal weighted mean-squared error (WMSE) of the received message at all destination nodes. In particular, the WMSE is made statistically robust against the CSI mismatch by averaging through the distributions of the true CSI. Moreover, the WMSE decomposition is exploited to reduce the computational complexity of the transceiver optimization. Numerical simulations show a better performance of the proposed robust transceiver design against the channel mismatch.
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