Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMashige, K.P.
dc.contributor.authorOsuagwu, U.L.
dc.contributor.authorUlagnathan, S.
dc.contributor.authorEkpenyong, B.N.
dc.contributor.authorAbu, E.K.
dc.contributor.authorGoson, P.C.
dc.contributor.authorLangsi, R.
dc.contributor.authorNwaeze, O.
dc.contributor.authorTimothy, C.G.
dc.contributor.authorCharwe, D.D.
dc.contributor.authorOloruntoba, Richard
dc.contributor.authorMiner, C.A.
dc.contributor.authorIshaya, T.
dc.contributor.authorOvenseri-Ogbomo, G.O.
dc.contributor.authorAgho, K.E.
dc.identifier.citationMashige, K.P. and Osuagwu, U.L. and Ulagnathan, S. and Ekpenyong, B.N. and Abu, E.K. and Goson, P.C. and Langsi, R. et al. 2021. Economic, health and physical impacts of covid-19 pandemic in sub-saharan african regions: A cross sectional survey. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy. 14: pp. 4799-4807.

Purpose: The key preventive measures adopted to minimise the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) had significant health, economic and physical impacts mostly in developing countries. This study evaluated the health, economic and physical impacts of COVID-19 lockdown measures among sub-Saharan African (SSA) population and associated demographic variations. Methods: A total of 1970 respondents took part in this web-based cross-sectional survey during the mandatory lockdown period in most SSA. The dependent variables were health (COVID-19 infection, hospitalisation), socioeconomic (lost job, closed down business) and physical impacts (separated from family) of COVID-19. Univariate and bivariate logistic regression analyses were used to explore the factors associated with each of the dependent variables by the four sub-regions (Southern, Western, Central and East Africa). Results: The respondents were aged 34.1 ± 11.5 years (range: 18–75 years) and mostly men (1099, 55%). 25.9% (n = 511) reported an impact of COVID-19 pandemic with significant regional variations (p < 0.0005, higher proportion were East 36.2% and Southern Africans 30.3%) but no gender (p = 0.334) and age group variations (p > 0.05). Among Central African respondents, more men than women lost their businesses (45.7% versus 14.3%, p = 0.002) and contracted COVID-19 infections (40.0% versus 18.2%, p = 0.024) during the study period. Multivariable analysis revealed that respondents from East (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.95, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.42–2.69), Southern (AOR 1.46, 95% CI: 1.09– 1.96) and Central Africa (AOR 1.47, 95% CI: 1.06–2.03) reported significantly higher impact of COVID-19. Those who reported family separation during the lockdown were more likely to be older participants (39–48 years, AOR 2.48, 95% CI: 1.11–5.57). Conclusion: One in four SSA respondents, mostly East and Southern Africans, were adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic during the lockdown. Interventions in high-risk populations are needed to reduce the health, socioeconomic and gender disparities in the impacts of COVID-19.

dc.subjectScience & Technology
dc.subjectLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subjectHealth Care Sciences & Services
dc.subjectHealth Policy & Services
dc.subjectjob loss
dc.subjectfamily separation
dc.subjectcoronavirus infection
dc.titleEconomic, health and physical impacts of covid-19 pandemic in sub-saharan african regions: A cross sectional survey
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleRisk Management and Healthcare Policy
curtin.departmentSchool of Management and Marketing
curtin.accessStatusOpen access
curtin.facultyFaculty of Business and Law
curtin.contributor.orcidOloruntoba, Richard [0000-0002-4305-7352]
curtin.contributor.researcheridOloruntoba, Richard [G-8082-2013]
curtin.contributor.scopusauthoridOloruntoba, Richard [21743674400]

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as