Grief and functional impairment following COVID-19 loss in a treatment-seeking sample: the mediating role of meaning
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This is an accepted manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in British Journal of Guidance and Counselling on 30 Jun 2022 available online at http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/03069885.2022.2075540
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought unprecedented levels of grief and psychological distress in community samples. We examined unique pandemic grief risk factors, dysfunctional grief, Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms, general psychiatric distress, disrupted meaning, and functional impairment in a treatment-seeking sample of people bereaved from COVID-19 in the United Kingdom. A sample of 183 participants (91.80% female; M = 47.40 years) completed an online survey as part of an intake assessment for a grief support and referral service. Most reported clinically elevated PTSD symptoms (83.1%), psychiatric distress (64.0%), and functional impairment (56.8%). A smaller, but still concerning percentage (39.3%) reported clinically significant symptoms of dysfunctional grief. Disrupted meaning substantially mediated the relationship between risk factors and all four outcomes. Counsellors should address the breadth of psychological distress in those bereaved by COVID-19 and hone their skills in promoting meaning making in the wake of the trauma and loss generated by the pandemic.
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Breen, Lauren ; Lee, Sherman A; Neimeyer, Robert A (2021)CONTEXT: People bereaved from COVID-19 report higher levels of grief than people bereaved from natural causes. The full impact of this onslaught of grief will not be known for some time. Ensuring high quality bereavement ...
The Utility of the Pandemic Grief Scale in Identifying Functional Impairment from COVID-19 Bereavement.Lee, Sherman A; Neimeyer, Robert A; Breen, Lauren (2021)Background: Meeting the needs of people bereaved by COVID-19 poses a substantial challenge to palliative care. The Pandemic Grief Scale (PGS) is a 5-item mental health screener to identify probable ...
Risk factors for dysfunctional grief and functional impairment for all causes of death during the COVID-19 pandemic: The mediating role of meaningBreen, Lauren ; Mancini, Vincent; Lee, Sherman; Pappalardo, Emily; Neimeyer, Robert (2021)The COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with significant social changes due to legislative and public health requirements, has changed the way in which people experience grief. We examined whether dysfunctional grief symptoms, ...