Synthesizing Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Outputs for Clastic Rocks Using Machine Learning Methods, Examples from North West Shelf and Perth Basin, Western Australia
MetadataShow full item record
A nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) logging tool can provide important rock and fluid properties that are necessary for a reliable reservoir evaluation. Pore size distribution based on T2 relaxation time and resulting permeability are among those parameters that cannot be provided by conventional logging tools. For wells drilled before the 1990s and for many recent wells there is no NMR data available due to the tool availability and the logging cost, respectively. This study used a large database of combinable magnetic resonance (CMR) to assess the performance of several well-known machine learning (ML) methods to generate some of the NMR tool’s outputs for clastic rocks using typical well-logs as inputs. NMR tool’s outputs, such as clay bound water (CBW), irreducible pore fluid (known as bulk volume irreducible, BVI), producible fluid (known as the free fluid index, FFI), logarithmic mean of T2 relaxation time (T2LM), irreducible water saturation (Swirr), and permeability from Coates and SDR models were generated in this study. The well logs were collected from 14 wells of Western Australia (WA) within 3 offshore basins. About 80% of the data points were used for training and validation purposes and 20% of the whole data was kept as a blind set with no involvement in the training process to check the validity of the ML methods. The comparison of results shows that the Adaptive Boosting, known as AdaBoost model, has given the most impressive performance to predict CBW, FFI, permeability, T2LM, and SWirr for the blind set with R2 more than 0.9. The accuracy of the ML model for the blind dataset suggests that the approach can be used to generate NMR tool outputs with high accuracy.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Karpfinger, Florian (2009)Borehole sonic measurements are an important tool to characterize formation and completion properties of hydrocarbon or water reservoirs. Such measurements can provide direct information about rock physical parameters ...
Greenwood, Andrew John (2013)Seismic imaging in hard rock environments is gaining wider acceptance as a mineral exploration technique and as a mine-planning tool. However, the seismic images generated from hard rock targets are complex due to high ...
Ni, P.; Xia, Y.; Li, Jun; Hao, Hong (2019)The quantification of the uncertainty effect of random system parameters, such as the loading conditions, material and geometric properties, on the system output response has gained significant attention in recent years. ...