Observations of the disk/jet coupling of MAXI J1820+070 during its descent to quiescence
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Black hole X-ray binaries in the quiescent state (Eddington ratios typically ≲10−5) display softer X-ray spectra (photon indices Γ ∼ 2) compared to higher-luminosity black hole X-ray binaries in the hard state (Γ ∼ 1.7). However, the cause of this softening and its implications for the underlying accretion flow are still uncertain. Here, we present quasi-simultaneous X-ray and radio spectral monitoring of the black hole X-ray binary MAXI J1820 +070 during the decay of its 2018 outburst and of a subsequent reflare in 2019, providing an opportunity to monitor a black hole X-ray binary as it actively transitions into quiescence. We probe 1-10 keV X-ray luminosities as low as LX ∼ 4 × 1032 erg s−1, equivalent to Eddington fractions of ∼4 × 10−7. During its decay toward quiescence, the X-ray spectrum of MAXI J1820+070 softens from Γ ∼ 1.7 to Γ ∼ 2, with the softening taking ∼30 days and completing at LX ≈ 1034 erg s−1 (≈10−5 LEdd). While the X-ray spectrum softens, the radio spectrum generally remains flat or inverted throughout the decay. We also find that MAXI J1820+070 follows a radio (LR)-X-ray luminosity correlation of the form LR ∝ LX0.52±0.07, making it the fourth black hole system to follow the so-called “standard track” unbroken over several (in this case, four) decades in LX. Comparing the radio/X-ray spectral evolution(s) with the LR-LX plane, we find that the X-ray softening is consistent with X-rays produced by Comptonization processes in a radiatively inefficient accretion flow. We generally disfavor X-ray emission originating solely from within the jet, with the possible exception of X-rays produced via synchrotron self-Compton processes.
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Measuring fundamental jet properties with multiwavelength fast timing of the black hole X-ray binary MAXI J1820+070Tetarenko, A.J.; Casella, P.; Miller-Jones, James ; Sivakoff, G.R.; Paice, J.A.; Vincentelli, F.M.; Maccarone, T.J.; Gandhi, P.; Dhillon, V.S.; Marsh, T.R.; Russell, T.D.; Uttley, P. (2021)We present multiwavelength fast timing observations of the black hole X-ray binary MAXI J1820+070 (ASASSN-18ey), taken with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA), Atacama Large Millimeter/Sub-Millimeter Array (ALMA), ...
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