Nitrate removal from liquid effluents using microalgae immobilized on chitosan nanofiber mats
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Mats of electrospun chitosan nanofibers were found effective in immobilizing microalgal cells. These immobilized microalgal cells were also used as a durable model system for wastewater treatment which has been demonstrated by the removal of around 87% nitrate from liquid effluents ([NO3 --N]initial 30 mg L-1). Virtuous nitrate removal rates were derived by superimposing physicochemical adsorption and biological nutrient consumption phenomena for chitosan and microalgae, respectively. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.