Evaluation of A-site cation-deficient (Ba0.5Sr0.5)1-xCo0.8Fe0.2O3-d (x > 0) perovskite as a solid-oxide fuel cell cathode
MetadataShow full item record
A-site cation-deficient (Ba0.5Sr0.5)1-xCo0.8Fe0.2O3-d ((BS)1-xCF) oxides were synthesized and evaluated as cathode materials for intermediate-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells (ITSOFCs). The material's thermal expansion coefficient, electrical conductivity, oxygen desorption property, and electrocatalytic activity were measured. A decrease in both the electronic conductivity and the thermal expansion coefficient was observed for increasing values of the stoichiometric coefficient, x. This effect was attributed to the creation of additional oxygen vacancies, the suppression of variation in the oxidation states of cobalt and iron, and the suppression of the spin-state transitions of cobalt ions. The increase in A-site cation deficiency resulted in a steady increase in cathode polarization resistance, because impurities formed at the cathode/electrolyte interface, reducing the electronic conductivity. A single SOFC equipped with a BS0.97CF cathode exhibited peak power densities of 694 and 893 mW cm-2 at 600 and 650 °C, respectively, and these results were comparable with those obtained with a Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-d cathode. Slightly A-site cation-deficient (BS)1-xCF oxides were still highly promising cathodes for reduced temperature SOFCs. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Zhou, W.; Shao, Zongping; Liang, F.; Chen, Z.; Zhu, Z.; Jin, W.; Xu, N. (2011)As highly efficient energy conversion devices with the capability for power/heat co-generation and fuel flexibility, solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have received considerable attention recently as a keystone of the future ...
Barium- and strontium-enriched (Ba0.5Sr0.5)1+xCo0.8Fe0.2O3-d oxides as high-performance cathodes for intermediate-temperature solid-oxide fuel cellsZhou, W.; Ran, R.; Shao, Zongping; Zhuang, W.; Jia, J.; Gu, H.; Jin, W.; Xu, N. (2008)(Ba0.5Sr0.5)1+xCo0.8Fe0.2O3-d, or BSCF(1 + x), (0 = x = 0.3) oxides were synthesized and investigated as cathodes for intermediate-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells. The A-site cation excess in BSCF(1 + x) resulted in a ...
Influence of crystal structure on the electrochemical performance of A-site-deficient Sr1-sNb0.1Co0.9O3-dperovskite cathodesZhu, Y.; Lin, Y.; Shen, X.; Sunarso, J.; Zhou, W.; Jiang, S.; Su, D.; Chen, F.; Shao, Zongping (2014)The creation of A-site cation defects within a perovskite oxide can substantially alter the structure and properties of its stoichiometric analogue. In this work, we demonstrate that by vacating 2 and 5% of A-site cations ...