Performance of six functionals (LDA, PBE, PBESOL, B3LYP, PBE0 and WC1LYP) in the simulation of vibrational and dielectric properties of crystalline compounds. The case of forsterite Mg2SiO4
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The performance of six different density functionals (LDA, PBE, PBESOL, B3LYP, PBE0, and WC1LYP) in describing the infrared spectrum of forsterite, a crystalline periodic system with orthorhombic unit cell (28 atoms in the primitive cell, Pbmn space group), is investigated by using the periodic ab initio CRYSTAL09 code and an all-electron Gaussian-type basis set. The transverse optical (TO) branches of the 35 IR active modes are evaluated at the equilibrium geometry together with the oscillator strengths and the high-frequency dielectric tensor 8. These quantities are essential to compute the dielectric function ϵ(ν), and then the reflectance spectrum R(v), which is compared with experiment. It turns out that hybrid functionals perform better than LDA and GGA, in general; that B3LYP overperforms WC1LYP and, in turn, PBE0; that PBESOL is better than PBE; that LDA is the worst performing functional among the six under study.
This is the accepted version of the following article: De La Pierre, M. and Orlando, R. and Maschio, L. and Doll, K. and Ugliengo, P. and Dovesi, R. 2011. Performance of six functionals (LDA, PBE, PBESOL, B3LYP, PBE0 and WC1LYP) in the simulation of vibrational and dielectric properties of crystalline compounds. The case of forsterite Mg2SiO4. The Case of Forsterite Mg2SiO4. Journal of Computational Chemistry. 32 (9): pp. 1775-1784, which has been published in final form at http://doi.org/10.1002/jcc.21750
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