Albumin domain II mutant with high bilirubin binding affinity has a great potential as serum bilirubin excretion enhancer for hyperbilirubinemia treatment
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Background: 4Z,15Z-bilirubin-IXα (BR), an endogenous toxic compound that is sparingly soluble in water, binds human serum albumin (HSA) with high affinity in a flexible manner. Our previous findings suggest that both Lys195 and Lys199 in subdomain IIA are important for the high-affinity binding of BR, and especially Lys199 in stand-alone domain II plays a prominent role in the renal elimination of BR. Our hypothesis is that HSA-domain II with high BR binding would be a useful therapeutic agent to treat hyperbilirubinemia in patients with impaired liver function. Methods: Unbound BR concentrations were determined using a modified HRP assay. To evaluate the effect of pan3_3-13 domain II mutant in promoting urinary BR excretion, the serum concentration and urinary excretion amount of BR were determined using bile duct ligation mice. Results: After three or six rounds of panning, pan3_3-13 and pan6_4 were found to have a significantly higher affinity for BR than wild-type domain II. Administration of pan3_3-13 significantly reduced serum BR level and increased its urinary excretion in the disease model mice as compared to wild-type domain II treatment. Conclusions: These results suggest that pan3_3-13 has great potential as a therapeutic agent that promotes urinary BR excretion in hyperbilirubinemia.
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