Why do we listen to music? A uses and gratifications analysis
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Four ‘uses and gratifications’ studies investigated peoples’ reasons for listening to music(Study 1); and whether these reasons differ significantly from those associated with otherleisure activities (Study 2). In Study 3, an open-ended, qualitative research design wasused to investigate why people listen to music. In Study 4, a cross-sectional design wasused to investigate the possibility that people of different ages might listen to music fordifferent reasons. Findings showed that there are a number of reasons why participantslisten to music, comparison of which indicated that participants listen to music primarilyto manage/regulate their moods. Comparison with other leisure activities indicatedthat for the most part, listening to music was rated better than other leisure activitiesat serving an individual’s different needs. This versatility may explain why music is soimportant to people. Evidence was also found to suggest that the reasons for listeningto music may change as people grow older.
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North, Adrian; Hargreaves, David; Hargreaves, J. (2004)The value of music in people’s everyday lives depends on the uses they make of it and the degree to which they engage with it, which are in turn dependent on the contexts in which they hear it. Very few studies have ...
Krause, Amanda; North, Adrian (2017)This study uses Mehrabian and Russell's () Pleasure-Arousal-Dominance (PAD) model to consider how responses to both the music heard and overall in-situ listening experience are influenced by the listener's degree of control ...
North, Adrian; Hargreaves, David (2000)Effects of the listening context on responses to music largely have been neglected despite the prevalence of music listening in our everyday lives. This article reports 2 studies in which participants (college students) ...