Early developmental, temperamental and educational problems in 'substance use disorder' patients with and without ADHD: Does ADHD make a difference?
MetadataShow full item record
Introduction: The prevalence of ADHD among patients with substance use disorder (SUD) is substantial. This study addressed the following research questions: Are early developmental, temperamental and educational problems overrepresented among SUD patients with ADHD compared to SUD patients without ADHD? Do this comorbid group receive early help for their ADHD, and are there signs of self-medicating with illicit central stimulants? Method: An international, multi-centre cross-sectional study was carried out involving seven European countries, with 1205 patients in treatment for SUD. The mean age was 40. years and 27% of the sample was female. All participants were interviewed with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus and the Conners' Adult ADHD Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV. Results: SUD patients with ADHD (n = 196; 16.3% of the total sample) had a significantly slower infant development than SUD patients without ADHD (n = 1,009; 83.4%), had greater problems controlling their temperament, and had lower educational attainment. Only 24 (12%) of the current ADHD positive patients had been diagnosed and treated during childhood and/or adolescence. Finally, SUD patients with ADHD were more likely to have central stimulants or cannabis as their primary substance of abuse, whereas alcohol use was more likely to be the primary substance of abuse in SUD patients without ADHD. Conclusion: The results emphasize the importance of early identification of ADHD and targeted interventions in the health and school system, as well as in the addiction field.
This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Psychiatric comorbidity in treatment-seeking substance use disorder patients with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: results of the IASP studyVan Emmerik-Van Oortmerssen, K.; Van de Glind, G.; Koeter, M.; Allsop, Steve; Auriacombe, M.; Barta, C.; Bu, E.; Burren, Y.; Carpentier, P.; Carruthers, Susan; Casas, M.; Demetrovics, Z.; Dom, G.; Faraone, S.; Fatséas, M.; Franck, J.; Johnson, B.; Kapitány-Fövény, M.; Kaye, S.; Konstenius, M.; Levin, F.; Moggi, F.; Møller, M.; Ramos-Quiroga, J.; Schillinger, A.; Skutle, A.; Verspreet, S.; Van Den Brink, W.; Schoevers, R. (2014)Aims To determine comorbidity patterns in treatment-seeking substance use disorder (SUD) patients with and without adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with an emphasis on subgroups defined by ADHD ...
Kinstenius, M.; Leifman, A.; van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen, K.; van de Glind, G.; Franck, J.; Moggi, F.; Ramos-Quiroga, J.; Levin, F.; Carpentier, P.; Skuttle, A.; Bu, E.; Kaye, S.; Demetrovics, Z.; Barta, C.; Auriecomb, M.; Fatséas, M.; Johnson, B.; Faraone, S.; Allsop, Steve; Carruthers, Susan; Schoevers, R.; Verspreet, S.; Dom, G.; Koeter, M.; van den Brink, W. (2017)Background: Childhood trauma exposure (CTE) is frequently reported by those with substance use disorders (SUDs). SUDs also frequently co-occur with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Objective: To investigate ...
Variability in the prevalence of adult ADHD in treatment seeking substance use disorder patients: Results from an international multi-center study exploring DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteriaVan de Glind, G.; Konstenius, Maija; Koeter, Maarten; Van Emmerik-Van Oortmerssen, Katelijne; Carpentier, Pieter; Kaye, Sharlene; Degenhardt, Louisa; Skutle, Arvid; Franck, Johan; Bu, Eli-torild; Moggi, Franz; Dom, Geert; Verspreet, Sofie; Demetrovics, Zolt; Kapitány-Fövény, Máté; Fatséas, Mélina; Auriacombe, Marc; Schillinger, Arild; Moller, Merete; Johnson, Brian; Faraone, Stephen; Ramos-Quiroga, J; Allsop, Steven; Carruthers, Susan; Casas, Miguel; Wallhed, Sara; Barta, Csaba; Schoevers, Robert; Levin, Frances; Van Den Brink, Wim; Alleman, Peter (2014)Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is an increasingly recognized comorbid condition in subjects with substance use disorders (SUDs).This paper describes the methods and study population of the International ...