Prevalence of Playing-related Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Disorders in Children Learning Instrumental Music
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A cross-sectional questionnaire study gathered data from 731 children enrolled in the instrumental music programs of government primary and secondary schools in Perth, Western Australia. This study, the first in a series investigating risk factors, established the prevalence of playing-related musculoskeletal problems, both symptoms (PRMS) and disorders (PRMD), and the association with gender and age. In this group, 67% of children reported ever experiencing PRMS, with 56% reporting symptoms at least monthly. Females were more likely (odds ratio [OR] 1.5, p = 0.03) to experience symptoms and older children were more likely to have ever experienced symptoms (p < 0.001). Thirty percent reported the experience of a PRMD, being unable to play their instrument as usual. Females (OR 1.5, p = 0.035) and older children (p = 0.001) again were more likely to report the experience of a disorder. For children having reported the experience of a PRMS within the last month, 5% took medication to relieve the problem and 4% visited a health professional to seek advice for the problem.
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