Do optimism and pessimism have different relationships with personality dimensions? A re-examination
MetadataShow full item record
The classic, well-cited study by Marshall et al. (1992) demonstrated that optimism correlates stronger with extraversion than does pessimism and pessimism correlates stronger with neuroticism than does optimism, and these results lent support to their claim that optimism and pessimism are two separate constructs. However, we argued that their results are likely the outcome of scale artefact caused by item valence (or item favorability). In an empirical study (N=1016), we evaluated the correlation of optimism scores and pessimism scores with the most common measure of optimism - Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R). As expected, when item valence effect was not controlled, we replicated the finding by Marshall et al. (1992) that optimism and pessimism show differential correlations with extraversion and neuroticism. After item valence was controlled such pattern of relationships was greatly reduced. Suggestions for future research to resolve the dimensionality debate for optimism-pessimism are discussed.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The shortened EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care 30 questionnaire adequately measured parent satisfaction in pediatric intensive care unitsLatour, Jos; Duivenvoorden, H.; Tibboel, D.; Hazelzet, J. (2013)Objective: To shorten and validate the EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care (EMPATHIC) questionnaire of optimal length to measure satisfaction of parents whose child has been admitted to pediatric intensive care ...
Ratna, Josephine; Roberts, Clare; Kane, Robert; Rees, Clare (2013)Mothers play a significant role in building healthy generations. It is important to ensure that mothers have high levels of resilience and optimism, a positive attribution style to protect them from risks leading to ...
The objectivity of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) in naturalistic clinical settingsZander, E.; Willfors, C.; Berggren, S.; Choque-Olsson, N.; Coco, C.; Elmund, A.; Moretti, �.; Holm, A.; Jifält, I.; Kosieradzki, R.; Linder, J.; Nordin, V.; Olafsdottir, K.; Poltrago, L.; Bolte, Sven (2016)© 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) is a first-choice diagnostic tool in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Excellent interpersonal objectivity (interrater reliability) ...