Prevalence, Trends and Associated Socio-Economic Factors of Obesity in South Asia
MetadataShow full item record
Aim: Worldwide obesity levels have increased unprecedentedly over the past couple of decades. Although the prevalence, trends and associated socio-economic factors of the condition have been extensively reported in Western populations, less is known regarding South Asian populations. Methods: A review of articles using Medline with combinations of the MeSH terms: 'Obesity', ‘Overweight’ and ‘Abdominal Obesity’ limiting to epidemiology and South Asian countries. Results: Despite methodological heterogeneity and variation according to country, area of residence and gender, the most recent nationally representative and large regional data demonstrates that without any doubt there is an epidemic of obesity, overweight and abdominal obesity in South Asian countries. Prevalence estimates of overweight and obesity (based on Asian cut-offs: overweight ≥ 23 kg/m[superscript]2, obesity ≥ 25 kg/m[superscript]2) ranged from 3.5% in rural Bangladesh to over 65% in the Maldives. Abdominal obesity was more prevalent than general obesity in both sexes in this ethnic group. Countries with the lowest prevalence had the highest upward trend of obesity. Socio-economic factors associated with greater obesity in the region included female gender, middle age, urban residence, higher educational and economic status. Conclusion: South Asia is significantly affected by the obesity epidemic. Collaborative public health interventions to reverse these trends need to be mindful of many socio-economic constraints in order to provide long-term solutions.
This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Temporal trends in overweight and obesity of children and adolescents from nine Provinces in China from 19912006Cui, Z.; Huxley, Rachel; Wu, Y.; Dibley, M. (2010)Objectives. To assess temporal changes in mean body mass index (BMI) and the impact of socio-economic status on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Chinese children and adolescents in nine provinces between ...
From blueprint master plans to democratic planning in South Asian cities: Pursuing good governance agenda against prevalent patron-client networksKhan, Shahed; Swapan, Mohammad (2013)Despite similar rhetoric and stated policies, there are major differences in urban planning and its implementation and management between cities of developed countries and those of the developing world. These differences ...
Indoor air quality, house characteristics and respiratory symptoms among mothers and children in Tamil Nadu State, IndiaKandiah, Morgan Dharmaratnam (2010)Air pollution is a problem affecting developing and developed countries concerned about the adverse health effects associated with exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollutants. In developing countries like India, the ...