The leaching and adsorption of gold using low concentration amino acids and hydrogen peroxide: Effect of catalytic ions, sulphide minerals and amino acid type
|dc.identifier.citation||Eksteen, J. and Oraby, E. 2015. The leaching and adsorption of gold using low concentration amino acids and hydrogen peroxide: Effect of catalytic ions, sulphide minerals and amino acid type. Minerals Engineering. 70: pp. 36-42.|
The leaching of gold using alkaline amino acids–hydrogen peroxide solutions at low concentrations has been studied. The application of alkaline amino acid–hydrogen peroxide system may offer an alternative and environmentally benign process for gold leaching, particularly in the context of leaching low grade gold ores in an in-situ or in heap leach processes. In the presence of an oxidant or oxidants, it was found that amino acids can dissolve gold at alkaline condition at low and moderate temperature. Heating the leach solution between 40 and 60 C was found to enhance the gold dissolution significantly in alkaline amino acid–peroxide solutions. It was also found that gold dissolution increases by increasing amino acid concentration, peroxide and pH. Amino acids acts synergistically to dissolve gold. Although glycine showed the highest gold dissolution as a single amino acid compared to histidine and alanine, histidine was found to enhance gold dissolution when used in equimolar amounts with glycine. The presence of Cu2+ ion enhances gold dissolution in the glycine–peroxide solutions. The process will propose an environmentally benignprocess for gold treatment in order to replace the use of cyanide in heap or in-situ leaching. In the presence of pyrite, the amount of gold leached was lower due to the peroxide consumption in sulphide oxidation.
|dc.title||The leaching and adsorption of gold using low concentration amino acids and hydrogen peroxide: Effect of catalytic ions, sulphide minerals and amino acid type|
|curtin.department||Western Australian School of Mines|
|curtin.accessStatus||Fulltext not available|