Low-frequency acoustic propagation loss in the Arctic Ocean: results of the Arctic climate observations using underwater sound experiment
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Copyright © 2006 Acoustical Society of America
Acoustic data from the Arctic climate observations using underwater sound (ACOUS) experiment are analyzed to determine the correlation between acoustic propagation loss and the seasonal variability of sea ice thickness. The objective of this research is to provide long-term synoptic monitoring of sea ice thickness, an important global climate variable, using acoustic remote sensing. As part of the ACOUS program an autonomous acoustic source deployed northwest of Franz Josef Land transmitted tomographic signals at 20.5 Hz once every four days from October 1998 until December 1999. These signals were received on a vertical array in the Lincoln Sea 1250 km away. Two of the signals transmitted in April 1999 were received on a vertical array at ice camp APLIS in the Chukchi Sea north of Point Barrow, Alaska, at a distance of approximately 2720 km from the source. Temporal variations of the modal propagation loss are examined. The influence of ice parameters, variations of the sound speed profile, and mode-coupling effects on the propagation losses of individual modes is studied. The experimental results are compared to the results of the earlier experiments and the theoretical prediction using numerical modeling.
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