Progress Towards the New Australian Geoid-type Model as a Replacement for AUSGeoid98
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We are nearing the final stages of producing a new geoid-type model for Australia that will replace AUSGeoid98. The terminology geoid-type reflects that the gravimetric quasigeoid model will be fitted to Australia-wide GPS-levelling data, probably using least-squares collocation. This will provide a user-friendly product for the more direct transformation of GPS-derived ellipsoidal heights to normal-orthometric heights on the Australian Height Datum (AHD). This has become necessary because Australian government geodetic authorities have decided to retain the AHD for the 'foreseeable future', whereas it is well known that the AHD contains about 1-2m distortions mainly due to fixing the AHD height to zero at 32 tide gauges. Another driver is that there is an increasing trend towards establishing vertical control using carrier-phase GPS via the single-point precise point positioning (PPP) technique or over very long baselines using the AUSPOS on-line service. When the quasigeoid model was used with differential GPS over short baselines, common/correlated errors cancelled in this relative mode, whereas they do not in the absolute or long-baseline modes. As such, AUSPOS and PPP users of AUSGeoid98 can sometimes find up to 2m discrepancies with existing AHD benchmarks. In addition, we will use improved quasigeoid modelling techniques and the most recent datasets available, such as GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) global gravity field models, satellite-altimeter-derived gravity anomalies in marine areas that have been re-tracked to improve them in the coastal zone, the latest cleaned release of the Australian land gravity database, the version 2 Australian digital elevation model, which now allows the computation of nine arc-second resolution topographical effects. Some emphasis will be placed on the use of modified kernels as high-pass filters to manage long-wavelength errors in the Australian terrestrial gravity and terrain data, so that they do not contaminate the high-quality GRACE data.
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Filmer, Michael Shaun (2010)The Australian Height Datum (AHD) was established in 1971, and is the basis for all physical heights in Australia. However, a complete revision of the AHD has never occurred, despite problems that, although not always ...
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