Self-regulation and self-control in exercise: The strength-energy model
MetadataShow full item record
Self-regulation is an important component of psychosocial theories of exercise behaviour and lack of self-regulatory skills are associated with low adherence to health-related exercise. This review presents a strength-energy model of self-control as an explanation of self-regulation in exercise contexts. The review will provide impetus for original research aimed at understanding exercise behaviour and help develop recommendations for exercise promotion. In the model, self-control is conceptualized as a global but limited resource. Engaging in actions requiring self-control depletes resources leading to self-regulatory failure. Self-control resource depletion is reduced through rest and frequent training on self-control. The expectation of the need to exert self-control in future leads to a conservation of self-control resources. Proposed mechanisms for self-control resource depletion include changes in physiological markers and blood glucose levels. Based on our review, we propose an integrated model of self-regulation incorporating hypotheses from the strength-energy model with those from traditional psychosocial models of exercise behaviour. Recommendations for future research include incorporating hypotheses from the strength-energy model into theories of self-presentation and interpersonal relations in exercise. Practical recommendations aimed at minimising self-control depletion in exercise include the provision of advice on nutrition and recovery, self-control training and motivational and implementation intention strategies.
This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in International Review of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 2010, copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at: <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/">http://www.tandfonline.com/</a>. DOI: 10.1080/17509840903322815
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Hagger, Martin; Chatzisarantis, N. (2016)Good self-control has been linked to adaptive outcomes such as better health, cohesive personal relationships, success in the workplace and at school, and less susceptibility to crime and addictions. In contrast, self-control ...
Hagger, Martin; Panetta, G.; Leung, C.; Wong, Ging; Wang, J.; Chan, Derwin; Keatley, D.; Chatzisarantis, Nikos (2013)The current research tested the hypothesis that individuals engaged in long-term efforts to limit food intake (e.g., individuals with high eating restraint) would have reduced capacity to regulate eating when self-control ...
Increasing Self-Regulatory Energy Using an Internet-Based Training Application Delivered by Smartphone TechnologyCranwell, J.; Benford, S.; Houghton, R.; Golembewksi, M.; Fischer, J.; Hagger, Martin (2014)Self-control resources can be defined in terms of “energy.” Repeated attempts to override desires and impulses can result in a state of reduced self-control energy termed “ego depletion” leading to a reduced capacity to ...