Parallel and numerical issues of the edge finite element method for 3D controlled-source electromagnetic surveys
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This paper deals with the most relevant parallel and numerical issues that arise when applying the Edge Element Method in the solution of electromagnetic problems in exploration geophysics. In this sense, in recent years the application of land and marine controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) surveys has gained tremendous interest among the offshore exploration community. This method is especially significant in detecting hydrocarbon in shallow/deep waters. On the other hand, in Finite Element Methods for solving electromagnetic field problems, the use of Edge Elements has become very popular. In fact, Edge Elements are often said to be a cure to many difficulties that are encountered (particularly eliminating spurious solutions) and are claimed to yield accurate results. CSEM, linear vectorial edge basis functions and its implementation on unstructured tetrahedral meshes are discussed. The use of it's kind of discretisation enables the representation of complex geological structures and allows local refinement in order to improve the solution's accuracy. A parallel shared memory approach is proposed to meet the high computational cost of EM modeling. Performance results and an convergence study are presented in order to validate our numerical method.
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Pethick, Andrew M. (2013)The controlled source electromagnetic method is improving the search for oil and gas in marine settings and is becoming an integral component of many exploration toolkits. While the level of detail and benefit obtained ...
Reyes, O.; De La Puente, J.; Puzyrev, Volodymyr; Cela, J. (2015)This paper presents a parallel computing scheme for the data computation that arise when applying one of the most popular electromagnetic methods in exploration geophysics, namely, controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM). ...
Puzyrev, Volodymyr; Koldan, J.; De La Puente, J.; Cela, J. (2013)The marine controlled-source electromagnetic method is a standard geophysical exploration tool in the offshore environment. We present a nodal finite-element method for 3D electromagnetic forward modeling with potentials. ...