Selective attention for masked and unmasked emotionally toned stimuli: Effects of trait anxiety, state anxiety, and test order
MetadataShow full item record
We investigated selective attention for masked and unmasked, threat, and positively valenced words, in high trait anxious (HTA) and low trait anxious (LTA) individuals using the emotional Stroop colour-naming task. State anxiety was varied within participants through the threat of electric shock. To investigate whether the sequencing of the state anxiety manipulation affected colour-naming latencies, the ordering of the shock threat and shock safe conditions was counterbalanced across participants. The results indicated that the ordering of the state anxiety manipulation moderated masked and unmasked threat bias effects. Specifically, relative to LTA individuals, HTA individuals showed a threat interference effect, but this effect was limited to those who performed under the threat of shock in the later stages of the experiment. Irrespective of exposure mode and state anxiety status, all individuals showed interference for threat in the early stages of the experiment, relative to a threat facilitation effect in the later stages of the experiment. For the unmasked trials alone, the data also revealed a significant threat interference effect for the HTA group relative to the LTA group in the shock threat condition, and this effect was evident irrespective of shock threat order. The results are discussed with respect to the automatic nature of emotional processing in anxiety. © The British Psychological Society.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Selective attention for masked and unmasked threatening words in anxiety: Effects of trait anxiety, state anxiety and awarenessEdwards, M.; Burt, J.; Lipp, Ottmar (2010)We investigated the effects of awareness on selective attention for masked and unmasked verbal threat material using a computerised version of the emotional Stroop. Participants were assigned to the high trait anxious ...
An exploration of the cognitive mechanism underlying general risk-aversion in obsessive-compulsive disorder : the construction and validation of the multi-dimensional risk-assessment scaleGarratt-Reed, David (2012)Individuals with OCD avoid minor risks that are unrelated to their obsessive fears and this general risk-aversion is implicated in treatment failure and relapse. However, a lack of understanding of the cognitive biases ...
Negd, M.; Mallan, K.; Lipp, Ottmar (2011)Empathy is an important pro-social behaviour critical to a positive client-therapist relationship. Therapist anxiety has been linked to reduced ability to empathise and lower client satisfaction with therapy. However, the ...