Lunar impact basins revealed by Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory measurements
MetadataShow full item record
Observations from the Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission indicate a marked change in the gravitational signature of lunar impact structures at the morphological transition, with increasing diameter, from complex craters to peak-ring basins. At crater diameters larger than ~200 km, a central positive Bouguer anomaly is seen within the innermost peak ring, and an annular negative Bouguer anomaly extends outward from this ring to the outer topographic rim crest. These observations demonstrate that basin-forming impacts remove crustal materials from within the peak ring and thicken the crust between the peak ring and the outer rim crest. A correlation between the diameter of the central Bouguer gravity high and the outer topographic ring diameter for well-preserved basins enables the identification and characterization of basins for which topographic signatures have been obscured by superposed cratering and volcanism. The GRAIL inventory of lunar basins improves upon earlier lists that differed in their totals by more than a factor of 2. The size-frequency distributions of basins on the nearside and farside hemispheres of the Moon differ substantially; the nearside hosts more basins larger than 350 km in diameter, whereas the farside has more smaller basins. Hemispherical differences in target properties, including temperature and porosity, are likely to have contributed to these different distributions. Better understanding of the factors that control basin size will help to constrain models of the original impactor population.
This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Extraordinary rocks from the peak ring of the Chicxulub impact crater: P-wave velocity, density, and porosity measurements from IODP/ICDP Expedition 364Christeson, G.; Gulick, S.; Morgan, J.; Gebhardt, C.; Kring, D.; Le Ber, E.; Lofi, J.; Nixon, C.; Poelchau, M.; Rae, A.; Rebolledo-Vieyra, M.; Riller, U.; Schmitt, D.; Wittmann, A.; Bralower, T.; Chenot, E.; Claeys, P.; Cockell, C.; Coolen, Marco; Ferrière, L.; Green, S.; Goto, K.; Jones, H.; Lowery, C.; Mellett, C.; Ocampo-Torres, R.; Perez-Cruz, L.; Pickersgill, A.; Rasmussen, C.; Sato, H.; Smit, J.; Tikoo, S.; Tomioka, N.; Urrutia-Fucugauchi, J.; Whalen, M.; Xiao, L.; Yamaguchi, K. (2018)© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Joint International Ocean Discovery Program and International Continental Scientific Drilling Program Expedition 364 drilled into the peak ring of the Chicxulub impact crater. We present P-wave velocity, ...
Miljkovic, Katarina; Lemelin, M.; Lucey, P. (2017)Numerical modeling of the peak-ring basin formation showed that the peak-ring forms from the material that is part of the central uplift outwardly thrust over the inwardly collapsing transient crater rim. Simulations of ...
Johnson, B.; Blair, D.; Collins, G.; Melosh, H.; Freed, A.; Taylor, G.; Head, J.; Wieczorek, M.; Andrews-Hanna, J.; Nimmo, F.; Keane, J.; Miljkovic, Katarina; Soderblom, J.; Zuber, M. (2016)Multiring basins, large impact craters characterized by multiple concentric topographic rings, dominate the stratigraphy, tectonics, and crustal structure of the Moon. Using a hydrocode, we simulated the formation of the ...