The effects of verbal instruction on affective and expectancy learning
MetadataShow full item record
The current research assessed the effects of verbal instruction on affective and expectancy learning during repeated contingency reversals (Experiment 1) and during extinction (Experiment 2) in a picture-picture paradigm. Affective and expectancy learning displayed contingency reversal and extinction, but changes were slower for affective learning. Instructions facilitated reversal and extinction of expectancy learning but did not impact on affective learning. These findings suggest a differential susceptibility of affective and expectancy learning to verbal instruction and question previous reports that verbal instructions can accelerate the extinction of non-prepared fear learning in humans. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
To remove or not to remove? Removal of the unconditional stimulus electrode does not mediate instructed extinction effectsLuck, Camilla; Lipp, Ottmar (2015)Following differential fear conditioning, the instruction that the unconditional stimulus will no longer be presented (instructed extinction) reduces differential electrodermal responding to CS+ and CS-, but does not ...
Mallan, K.; Sax, J.; Lipp, Ottmar (2009)Previous research has shown resistance to extinction of fear conditioned to racial out-group faces, suggesting that these stimuli may be subject to prepared fear learning. The current study replicated and extended previous ...
The influence of contingency reversal instructions on electrodermal responding and conditional stimulus valence evaluations during differential fear conditioningLuck, C.; Lipp, Ottmar (2016)In differential fear conditioning, the instruction that the conditional stimulus (CS) will no longer be followed by the unconditional stimulus (US; instructed extinction) reduces differential physiological responding ...