Optimization of a fed-batch bioreactor for 1,3-propanediol production using hybrid nonlinear optimal control
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A nonlinear hybrid system was proposed to describe the fed-batch bioconversion of glycerol to 1,3-propanediol with substrate open loop inputs and pH logic control in previous work . The current work concerns the optimal control of this fed-batch process. We slightly modify the hybrid system to provide a more convenient mathematical description for the optimal control of the fed-batch culture. Taking the feeding instants and the terminal time as decision variables, we formulate an optimal control model with the productivity of 1,3-propanediol as the performance index. Inequality path constraints involved in the optimal control problem are transformed into a group of end-point constraints by introducing an auxiliary hybrid system. The original optimal control problem is associated with a family of approximation problems. The gradients of the cost functional and the end-point constraint functions are derived from the parametric sensitivity system. On this basis, we construct a gradient-based algorithm to solve the approximation problems. Numerical results show that the productivity of 1,3-propanediol can be increased considerably by employing our optimal control policy.
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