Mortality after burn injury in children: A 33-year population-based study
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OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of burn injury sustained during childhood on long-term abstract mortality and to quantify any increased risk of death attributable to burn injury. METHODS: A population-based cohort study of children younger than 15 years hospitalized for burn injury in Western Australia (1980-2012) and a matched noninjured comparison group. Deidentified extraction of linked hospital morbidity and death records for the period 1980-2012 were provided by the Western Australian Data Linkage System. An inception cohort (1980-2012) of burn cases younger than 15 years of age when hospitalized for a first burn injury (n = 10 426) and a frequency matched noninjured comparison cohort (n = 40 818) were identified. Survival analysis was conducted by using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards regression. Mortality rate ratios and attributable risk percent adjusted for sociodemographic and preexisting heath factors were generated. RESULTS: The median follow-up time for the pediatric burn cohort was 18.1 years after discharge. The adjusted all-cause mortality rate ratios for burn injury was 1.6 (95% confidence interval: 1.3-2.0); children with burn injury had a 1.6 times greater rate of mortality than those with no injury. The index burn injury was estimated to account for 38% (attributable risk percent) of all recorded deaths in the burn injury cohort during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: Burn injury sustained by children is associated with an increased risk of long-term all-cause mortality. Estimates of the total mortality burden based on in-hospital deaths alone underestimates the true burden from burn injury.
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Long term mortality in a population-based cohort of adolescents, and young and middle-aged adults with burn injury in Western Australia: A 33-year studyDuke, J.; Boyd, James; Randall, S.; Wood, F. (2015)© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Background Advances in the treatment and management of burn patients over the past decades have resulted in a decline of in-hospital mortality rates. Current estimates of burn-related ...
Duke, Janine; Boyd, James; Rea, S.; Randall, Sean; Wood, Fiona (2015)Objective To assess if burn injury in older adults is associated with changes in long-term all-cause mortality and to estimate the increased risk of death attributable to burn injury. Methods We conducted a population-based ...
Duke, Janine; Wood, Fiona; Semmens, James; Spilsbury, Katrina; Edgar, D.; Hendrie, Delia; Rea, S. (2011)The aim of the study was to use state-wide health administrative data to assess the incidence, temporal trends, and external cause of burn injury-related hospital admissions and mortality in Western Australia from 1983 ...