Blind estimation of MIMO relay channels
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In this paper, we integrate two blind source separation (BSS) methods to estimate the individual channel state information (CSI) for the source-relay and relay-destination links of three-node two-hop multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) relay systems. In particular, we propose a first-order Z-domain precoding technique for the blind estimation of the relay-destination channel matrix, while an algorithm based on the constant modulus and mutual information properties is developed to estimate the source-relay channel matrix. Compared with training-based MIMO relay channel estimation approaches, our algorithm has a better bandwidth efficiency as no bandwidth is wasted for sending the training sequences. Numerical examples are shown to demonstrate the performance of the proposed algorithm.
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