Solar photocatalytic degradation of chlorophenols mixture (4-CP and 2,4-DCP): Mechanism and kinetic modelling
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The solar-photocatalytic degradation mechanisms and kinetics of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) using TiO2 have been investigated both individually and combined. The individual solar-photocatalytic degradation of both phenolic compounds showed that the reaction rates follow pseudo–first-order reaction. During the individual photocatalytic degradation of both 4-CP and 2,4-DCP under the same condition of TiO2 (0.5 g L¡1) and light intensities (1000 mW cm-2) different intermediates were detected, three compounds associated with 4-CP (hydroquinone (HQ), phenol (Ph) and 4-chlorocatechol (4-cCat)) and two compounds associated with 2,4-DCP (4-CP and Ph). The photocatalytic degradation of the combined mixture (4-CP and 2,4-DCP) was also investigated at the same conditions and different 2,4-DCP initial concentrations. The results showed that the degradation rate of 4-CP decreases when the 2,4-DCP concentration increases. Furthermore, the intermediates detected were similar to that found in the individual degradation but with high Ph concentration. Therefore, a possible reaction mechanism for degradation of this combined mixture was proposed. Moreover, a modified Langmuir–Hinshelwood (L-H) kinetic model considering all detected intermediates was developed. A good agreement between experimental and estimated results was achieved. This model can be useful for scaling-up purposes more accurately as its considering the intermediates formed, which has a significant effect on degrading the main pollutants (4-CP and 2,4-DCP).
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Abeish, Abdulbasit M.; Ang, Ha Ming; Znad, Hussein (2013)The present study reports a mechanism and kinetic model of solar photocatalytic degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) and its intermediates based on the experimental results. Three intermediate compounds hydroquinone (HQ), ...
Enhanced Solar-Photocatalytic Degradation of Combined Chlorophenols Using Ferric Ions and Hydrogen PeroxideAbeish, Abdul Basit Mohamad S.; Ang, Ha Ming; Znad, Hussein (2014)The influences of ferric ions (Fe3+) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on the degradation of combined chlorophenols during solar/TiO2 process were investigated. 4-Chlorophenol (4-CP) and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) were used ...
Role of ferric and ferrous ions in the enhancement of the heterogeneous solar photocatalytic degradation of combined mixture of chlorophenolsAbeish, A.; Ang, Ming; Znad, H. (2015)© IWA Publishing 2015. The solar photocatalytic degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) was investigated individually and combined in the presence of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions. The results revealed ...