The effects of long-term saturated fat enriched diets on the brain lipidome
MetadataShow full item record
This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
The brain is highly enriched in lipids, where they influence neurotransmission, synaptic plasticity and inflammation. Non-pathological modulation of the brain lipidome has not been previously reported and few studies have investigated the interplay between plasma lipid homeostasis relative to cerebral lipids. This study explored whether changes in plasma lipids induced by chronic consumption of a well-tolerated diet enriched in saturated fatty acids (SFA) was associated with parallel changes in cerebral lipid homeostasis. Male C57Bl/6 mice were fed regular chow or the SFA diet for six months. Plasma, hippocampus (HPF) and cerebral cortex (CTX) lipids were analysed by LC-ESI-MS/MS. A total of 348 lipid species were determined, comprising 25 lipid classes. The general abundance of HPF and CTX lipids was comparable in SFA fed mice versus controls, despite substantial differences in plasma lipid-class abundance. However, significant differences in 50 specific lipid species were identified as a consequence of SFA treatment, restricted to phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), alkyl-PC, alkenyl-PC, alkyl-PE, alkenyl-PE, cholesterol ester (CE), diacylglycerol (DG), phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylserine (PS) classes. Partial least squares regression of the HPF/CTX lipidome versus plasma lipidome revealed the plasma lipidome could account for a substantial proportion of variation. The findings demonstrate that cerebral abundance of specific lipid species is strongly associated with plasma lipid homeostasis.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pallebage-Gamarallage, Menuka Madhavi Somapala (2012)Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia pathologically characterised by neurovascular inflammation, extracellular proteinaceous deposits enriched in amyloid-β (Aβ) and formation of neurofibrillar ...
Disruption of blood-brain barrier function by chronic intake of saturated fat and cholesterol : implications for Alzheimer’s disease riskTakechi, Ryusuke (2010)It has been reported that lifestyle including diet is associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) risk and progression. Population studies indicate that the chronic consumption of diets enriched in saturated fats (SFA) and ...
Giles, Corey Steven (2017)This thesis explores the plasma-brain axis in ‘Regulation of the brain lipidome in health and disease’. Using a comprehensive lipidomics platform, the main experimental objectives of this thesis were to investigate the ...