The performance of differential pulse stripping voltammetry at micro-liquid-liquid interface arrays
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NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Electroanalytical Chemistry. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Electroanalytical Chemistry, Vol. 641 (2010) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2010.01.020
Microporous silicon membranes were recently introduced to create hexagonally-patterned arrays ofmicro-scale interfaces between two immiscible electrolyte solutions (lITIES). In this report we presenta simulation study of the application of differential pulse stripping voltammetry (DPSV) using theselITIES arrays for ion sensing. Simulations showed that the stripping current for ion detection wasenhanced by use of relatively deep pores (i.e. a low pore aspect ratio) and a viscous organic phase. These factors decrease the speed of escape of the pre-concentrated ion from the organic side of the ITIES. The stripping current initially increased steeply with pre-concentration time but eventually reached a plateau. Experiments performed using a lITIES array with micropores of radius 26 lm, depth of 100 lm and with a gelified organic phase demonstrated the saturation of the stripping peak with increasing pre-concentration time for the DPSV detection of tetraethylammonium ion. The reasons for the saturations are discussed in terms of diffusion coefficients and depth of the micropores.
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