Biology of tissue factor pathway inhibitor
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Recent studies of the anticoagulant activities of the tissue factor (TF) pathway inhibitor (TFPI) isoforms, TFPIa and TFPIß, have provided new insight into the biochemical and physiological meagulant activities. An alternative splicing event in the 59 untranslated region allows for translational regulation of TFPIß expression. TFPIa has 3 Kunitz-type inhibitor domains (K1, K2, K3) and a basic C terminus, whereas TFPIß has the K1 and K2 domains attached to a glycosylphosphatidyl inositol-anchored C terminus. TFPIa is the only isoform present in platelets, whereas endothelial cells produce both isoforms, secreting TFPIa and expressing TFPIb on the cell surface. TFPIa and TFPIß inhibit both TF-factor VIIa-dependent factor Xa (FXa) generation and free FXa. ProteinSenhances FXa inhibition by TFPIa. TFPIa produces isoform-specific inhibition of prothrombinase during the initiation of coagulation, an anticoagulant activity that requires an exosite interaction between its basic C terminus and an acidic region in the factor Va B domain. Platelet TFPIa may be optimally localized to dampen initial thrombin generation. Similarly, endothelial TFPIß may be optimally localized to inhibit processes that occur when endothelial TF is present, such as during the inflammatory response. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology.
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Maroney, S.; Ellery, Paul; Wood, J.; Ferrel, J.; Martinez, N.; Mast, A. (2013)Background: Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is an alternatively spliced protein with two isoforms, TFPIa and TFPIß, which differ in their C-terminal structure and cellular localization. Detailed characterization ...
Protein S is a cofactor for platelet and endothelial tissue factor pathway inhibitor-a but not for cell surface-associated tissue factor pathway inhibitorWood, J.; Ellery, Paul; Maroney, S.; Mast, A. (2014)OBJECTIVE - Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is produced in 2 isoforms: TFPIa, a soluble protein in plasma, platelets, and endothelial cells, and TFPIß, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein on endothelium. ...
Translation of human tissue factor pathway inhibitor-ß mRNA is controlled by alternative splicing within the 5' untranslated regionEllery, Paul; Maroney, S.; Martinez, N.; Wickens, M.; Mast, A. (2014)OBJECTIVE - Tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) blocks the initiation of coagulation by inhibiting TF-activated factor VII, activated factor X, and early prothrombinase. Humans produce two 3' splice variants, TFPIa and ...