Novel folic acid conjugated Fe<inf>3</inf>O<inf>4</inf>-ZnO hybrid nanoparticles for targeted photodynamic therapy
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© 2016 Elsevier B.V.A novel folic acid conjugated core-shell hybrid iron oxide-zinc oxide nanoparticle was developed for applications as a photosensitier (PS) in photodynamic therapy. Photodegradation studies on methylene blue demonstrated significantly enhanced photophysical properties of the produced nano-PSs, due to the charge recombination via electron trapping by dissolved Fe3+. A time and dose dependant toxicity associated with the nano-PSs was observed upon exposure to human epithelial colorectal adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) cells in the dark. UV irradiation of the synthesised nano-PSs resulted in a significant photo-killing effect with drastic reduction in Caco-2 cell viability to as low as 6%. Reduction in viability upon exposure was due fundamentally to cellular interactions with light irradiated PSs as the influence of radiation alone was subtracted. FA conjugation further enhanced the photo-killing effect.