“I don’t think” versus “I think + not”
MetadataShow full item record
This paper explores an overlooked yet intriguing phenomenon: the different preferences of first language (L1) and second language (L2) groups in the use of I don’t think and I think+not. Based on naturally occurring data from linguistically and culturally contrastive groups of American English speakers, Chinese and Persian English speakers, this study finds that I don’t think highlights the speaker’s opinion, and I think+not focuses on the content conveyed. There is a correlation between the negative power and the distance between I think and the negative marker: the closer the two, the stronger the negativity. While I don’t think has more negativity force, I think+not has more mitigating weight and can be employed as a politeness strategy. The L1 speakers differ from the L2 speakers but are closer to the Chinese than the Persians; the striking variations occur between the L1 speakers and the Persians. The Persians are found to be the most indirect; the Chinese are more direct than the Persians but less direct than the L1 speakers. The differences between L1 and L2 groups relate to the first-language transfer and cultural influence. This study implies that different varieties of English use need to be addressed in language teaching.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sabet, P.; Zhang, Grace (2018)This study provides an account of the pragmatic functions of the stance markers ‘I don't think’ and ‘I think + not’, based on naturally-occurring L1 (American English speakers) and L2 (Chinese and Persian English speakers) ...
Zhang, Grace; Sabet, Peyman G.P. (2014)While there has been insightful research on the commonly used expression I think (IT), this study introduces a non-conventional and innovative conception of elasticity (Zhang, 2011), bringing together several properties ...
Language diversity, language disorder, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder among youth sentenced to detention in Western AustraliaKippin, N.; Leitao, Suze; Watkins, R.; Finlay-Jones, A.; Condon, C.; Marriott, R.; Mutch, R.; Bower, C. (2018)Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved. BACKGROUND: While studies confirm high prevalence of language disorder among justice-involved young people, little is known about the impact ...