Alginate-combined cholic acid increased insulin secretion of microencapsulated mouse cloned pancreatic ß cells
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© 2017 2017 Future Science Ltd. Aim: A semisynthetic primary bile acid (PBA) has exerted hypoglycemic effects in Type 1 diabetic animals, which were hypothesized to be due to its anti-inflammatory and cellular glucose-regulatory effects. Thus, the research purpose aimed to examine antidiabetic effects of a PBA, in terms of cellular inflammation and survival and insulin release, in the context of supporting ß-cell delivery and Type 1 diabetic treatment. Materials & methods: 10 formulations were prepared, five without PBA (control) and five with PBA (test). Formulations were used to microencapsulate pancreatic ß cells and the microcapsules were examined for morphology, cell viability, insulin release and inflammation. Results & conclusion: PBA improved cell viability, insulin release and reduced inflammation in a formulation-dependent manner, which suggests potential use in cell delivery and diabetes treatment.
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