Mining drives extensive deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon
|dc.identifier.citation||Sonter, L. and Herrera, D. and Barrett, D. and Galford, G. and Moran, C. and Soares-Filho, B. 2017. Mining drives extensive deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. Nature Communications. 8 (1): Article ID 1013.|
Mining poses significant and potentially underestimated risks to tropical forests worldwide. In Brazil's Amazon, mining drives deforestation far beyond operational lease boundaries, yet the full extent of these impacts is unknown and thus neglected in environmental licensing. Here we quantify mining-induced deforestation and investigate the aspects of mining operations, which most likely contribute. We find mining significantly increased Amazon forest loss up to 70 km beyond mining lease boundaries, causing 11,670 km 2 of deforestation between 2005 and 2015. This extent represents 9% of all Amazon forest loss during this time and 12 times more deforestation than occurred within mining leases alone. Pathways leading to such impacts include mining infrastructure establishment, urban expansion to support a growing workforce, and development of mineral commodity supply chains. Mining-induced deforestation is not unique to Brazil; to mitigate adverse impacts of mining and conserve tropical forests globally, environmental assessments and licensing must considered both on- and off-lease sources of deforestation.
|dc.publisher||Macmillan Publishers Limited|
|dc.title||Mining drives extensive deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon|
|curtin.department||Office of Research and Development|
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