Soy consumption and risk of COPD and respiratory symptoms: A case-control study in Japan
|dc.identifier.citation||Hirayama, F. and Lee, A. and Binns, C. and Zhao, Y. and Hiramatsu, T. and Tanikawa, Y. and Nishimura, K. et al. 2009. Soy consumption and risk of COPD and respiratory symptoms: a case-control study in Japan. Respiratory Research. 10 (56).|
Background: To investigate the relationship between soy consumption, COPD risk and the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, a case-control study was conducted in Japan. Methods: A total of 278 eligible patients (244 men and 34 women), aged 50–75 years with COPD diagnosed within the past four years, were referred by respiratory physicians, while 340 controls (272 men and 68 women) were recruited from the community. All participants underwent spirometric measurements of respiratory function. Information on demographics, lifestyle characteristics and habitual food consumption was obtained using a structured questionnaire. Results: Total soy consumption was positively correlated with observed lung function measures. The mean soy intake was significantly higher among controls (59.98, SD 50.23 g/day) than cases (44.84, SD 28.5 g/day). A significant reduction in COPD risk was evident for highest versus lowest quartile of daily intake of total soybean products, with adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.392, 95% CI 0.194–0.793, p for trend 0.001. Similar decreases in COPD risk were associated with frequent and higher intake of soy foods such as tofu and bean sprouts, whereas respiratory symptoms were inversely associated with high consumption of soy foods, especially for breathlessness (OR 0.989, 95% CI 0.982–0.996). Conclusion: Increasing soy consumption was associated with a decreased risk of COPD and breathlessness.
|dc.title||Soy consumption and risk of COPD and respiratory symptoms: A case-control study in Japan|
This article is published under the Open Access publishing model and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License
|curtin.department||School of Public Health|