Lower chest compression fraction associated with ROSC in OHCA patients with longer downtimes
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Â© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Aim To investigate the relationship between chest compression fraction (CCF) and survival outcomes in OHCA, including whether the relationship varied based upon downtime from onset of arrest to provision of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by emergency medical services (EMS). Methods Data from resuscitations performed by St John Ambulance Western Australia (SJA-WA) paramedics between July 2014 and June 2016 was captured using the Q-CPR feedback device. Logistic regression analysis was used to study the relationship between CCF and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Various lengths of Q-CPR data were used ranging from the first 3Â min to all available episode data. Cases were subsequently divided into groups based upon downtime; â‰¤15Â min, > 15Â min and unknown. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed in each group. Results There were 341 cases eligible for inclusion. CCF > Â 80% was significantly associated with decreased odds of ROSC compared to CCFÂ â‰¤Â 80% (aOR: 0.49, 95%CI: 0.28â€“0.87). This relationship remained significant whether the first 3Â min of data was used, the first 5Â min or all available episode data. Among the group with a downtime > 15Â min, CCF was significantly lower for those who achieved ROSC compared to those who did not (mean (SD): 73.01 (12.99)% vs. 83.05 (9.38)% pÂ =Â 0.002). The adjusted odds ratio for achieving ROSC in this group was significantly less with CCFÂ > Â 80% compared to CCFÂ â‰¤Â 80% (aOR: 0.06, 95%CI: 0.01â€“0.38). Conclusion We demonstrated an inverse relationship between CCF and ROSC that varied depending upon the time from arrest to provision of EMS-CPR.
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