Karrikins enhance light responses during germination and seedling development in Arabidopsis thaliana
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Karrikins are a class of seed germination stimulants identified in smoke from wildfires. Microarray analysis of imbibed Arabidopsis thaliana seeds was performed to identify transcriptional responses to KAR1 before germination. A small set of genes that are regulated by KAR1, even when germination is prevented by the absence of gibberellin biosynthesis or light, were identified. Light-induced genes, putative HY5-binding targets, and ABRE-like promotermotifs were overrepresented among KAR1-up-regulated genes. KAR1 transiently induced the light signal transduction transcription factor genes HY5 and HYH. Germination of afterripened Arabidopsis seed was triggered at lowerfluences of red lightwhen treated withKAR 1. Light-dependent cotyledon expansion and inhibition of hypocotyl elongation were enhanced in the presence of germination-active karrikins.HY5is important for the Arabidopsis hypocotyl elongation, but not seed germination, response to karrikins. These results reveal a role for karrikins in priming light responses in the emerging seedling, and suggest that the influence of karrikins on postfire ecology may not be limited to germination recruitment.
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Karrikins discovered in smoke trigger arabidopsis seed germination by a mechanism requiring gibberellic acid synthesis and lightNelson, D.; Riseborough, J.; Flematti, G.; Stevens, J.; Ghisalberti, E.; Dixon, Kingsley; Smith, S. (2009)Discovery of the primary seed germination stimulant in smoke, 3-methyl-2H-furo[2,3-c]pyran-2-one (KAR1), has resulted in identification of a family of structurally related plant growth regulators, karrikins. KAR1 acts as ...
Nelson, D.; Scaffidi, A.; Dun, E.; Waters, M.; Flematti, G.; Dixon, Kingsley; Beveridge, C.; Ghisalberti, E.; Smith, S. (2011)Smoke is an important abiotic cue for plant regeneration in postfire landscapes. Karrikins are a class of compounds discovered in smoke that promote seed germination and influence early development of many plants by an ...
Specialisation within the DWARF14 protein family confers distinct responses to karrikins and strigolactones in ArabidopsisWaters, M.; Nelson, D.; Scaffidi, A.; Flematti, G.; Sun, Y.; Dixon, Kingsley; Smith, S. (2012)Karrikins are butenolides derived from burnt vegetation that stimulate seed germination and enhance seedling responses to light. Strigolactones are endogenous butenolide hormones that regulate shoot and root architecture, ...