Evaluating and Refining the Conceptual Model Used in the Study of Health and Activity in Preschool Environments (SHAPES) Intervention
MetadataShow full item record
© 2017, © 2017 Society for Public Health Education. This study investigated the utility of the Study of Health and Activity in Preschool Environments (SHAPES) conceptual model, which targeted physical activity (PA) behavior in preschool children, by examining the relationship between implementation monitoring data an d child PA during the school day. We monitored implementation completeness and fidelity based on multiple elements identified in the conceptual model. Comparing high-implementing, low-implementing, and control groups revealed no association between implementation and outcomes. We performed post hoc analyses, using process data, to refine our conceptual model’s depiction of an effective preschool PA-promoting environment. Results suggest that a single component of the original four-component conceptual model, providing opportunities for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity through recess for 4-year-old children in preschool settings, may be a good starting place for increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Interventions that are implemented with optimal levels of completeness and fidelity are more likely to achieve behavior change if they are based on accurate conceptual models. Examining the mechanisms through which an intervention produces its effects, as articulated in the conceptual model that guides it, is particularly important for environmentally focused interventions because they are guided by emerging frameworks. The results of this study underscore the utility of using implementation monitoring data to examine the conceptual model on which the intervention is based.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
An intervention to increase physical activity in children: A randomized controlled trial with 4-year-olds in preschoolsPate, R.; Brown, W.; Pfeiffer, K.; Howie, Erin; Saunders, R.; Addy, C.; Dowda, M. (2016)Â© 2016 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Introduction A majority of preschool-aged children spend a significant portion of every weekday in a preschool or child care setting, where they typically participate in ...
The 3-year evolution of a preschool physical activity intervention through a collaborative partnership between research interventionists and preschool teachersHowie, Erin; Brewer, A.; Brown, W.; Pfeiffer, K.; Saunders, R.; Pate, R. (2014)Despite evidence that preschoolers spend the majority of their time in sedentary activities, few physical activity interventions have focused on preschool-age children. Health promotion interventions that can be integrated ...
Howie, Erin; Brewer, A.; Brown, W.; Saunders, R.; Pate, R. (2016)For public health interventions to have a meaningful impact on public health, they must be disseminated to the wider population. Systematic planning and evaluation of dissemination efforts can aid translation from ...