Gas phase electrochemical conversion of humidified CO2 to CO and H2 on proton-exchange and alkaline anion-exchange membrane fuel cell reactors
MetadataShow full item record
© 2017 Fuel cell reactors or electrolyzers based on alkaline anion-exchange membrane and proton exchange membrane (AAEM & PEM) are investigated for gas phase electrochemical conversion of humidified CO 2 under identical conditions, using conventional Pt/C, Pd/C and Cu/CNTs as cathodic catalysts. Humidified CO 2 can be converted to H 2 and CO via the AAEM based fuel cell reactors with an estimated onset potential of -1.0 V using Cu/CNT as cathodic catalyst, while PEM based fuel cell reactors can only produce H 2 under identical conditions. This can be attributed to the suppressed hydrogen evolution and enhanced CO 2 reduction in the case of AAEM based reactor. Remarkably, AAEM based reactor with Cu/CNT cathode catalysts shows a higher activity (8.88 µmol h -1 cm -2 ) to convert CO 2 to CO than that of Pd/C (7.59 µmol h -1 cm -2 ) and Pt/C (0.75 µmol h -1 cm -2 ) at the same catalyst loading. This study indicates that AAEM based reactor is able to realize the gas phase electrochemical conversion of CO 2 , providing a viable strategy for CO 2 utilization and conversion to useful fuels.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Effect of Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metallic Species on Biochar Reactivity and Syngas Compositions during Steam GasificationYip, Kong; Tian, Fujun; Hayashi, J.; Wu, Hongwei (2010)Biochars were prepared from the pyrolysis of the wood, leaf, and bark components of mallee biomass in a fixed-bed reactor at 750 °C. The results show that the volatilization of inherent alkali and alkaline earth metallic ...
Direct Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells on Low-Concentration Oxygen-Bearing Coal-Bed Methane with High StabilityJiao, Yong; Wang, L.; Zhang, L.; An, Wenting; Wang, Wei; Zhou, W.; Tade, Moses; Shao, Zongping; Bai, J.; Li, S. (2018)This paper studies the electrochemical feasibility of the direct conversion of low-concentration, oxygen-bearing coal-bed methane (CBM, 30 vol % CH4) to electricity via solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). A fuel cell with the ...
Formation and characteristics of glucose oligomers during the hydrolysis of cellulose in hot-compressed waterYu, Yun (2009)Energy production from fossil fuels results in significant carbon dioxide emission, which is a key contributor to global warming and the problems related to climate change. Biomass is recognized as an important part of ...