A review of the epidemiology and surveillance of viral zoonotic encephalitis and the impact on human health in Australia.
MetadataShow full item record
Human encephalitis in Australia causes substantial mortality and morbidity, with frequent severe neurological sequelae and long-term cognitive impairment. This review discusses a number of highly pathogenic zoonotic viruses which have recently emerged in Australia, including Hendra virus and Australian bat lyssavirus which present with an encephalitic syndrome in humans. Encephalitis surveillance currently focuses on animals at sentinel sites and animal disease or definitive diagnosis of notifiable conditions that may present with encephalitis. This is inadequate for detecting newly emerged viral encephalatides. Hospital-based sentinel surveillance may aid in identifying increases in known pathogens or emergence of new pathogens that require a prompt public health response.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Gordon, A.; Marbach, C.; Oakey, J.; Edmunds, G.; Condon, K.; Diviney, Sinead; Williams, David; Bingham, J. (2012)A five year old Australian stock horse in Monto, Queensland, developed neurological signs and was euthanized after a six day course of illness. Histological examination of the brain and spinal cord revealed moderate to ...
The role of genetic diversity in the replication, pathogenicity and virulence of Murray Valley encephalitis virusNiazi, Aziz-ur-Rahman (2013)Genetic and phenotypic variation of genotype 1 (G1) and genotype 2 (G2) Murray valley encephalitis virus (MVEV) were characterised. G2 viruses were a minority, had lower levels of genetic diversity and an attenuated ...
Williams, David; Johansen, C.; Harnett, G.; Smith, D. (2009)