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dc.contributor.authorLoi, S.
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, T.
dc.contributor.authorCairns, I.
dc.contributor.authorMenk, F.
dc.contributor.authorWaters, C.
dc.contributor.authorErickson, P.
dc.contributor.authorTrott, C.
dc.contributor.authorHurley-Walker, Natasha
dc.contributor.authorMorgan, John
dc.contributor.authorLenc, E.
dc.contributor.authorOffringa, A.
dc.contributor.authorBell, M.
dc.contributor.authorEkers, R.
dc.contributor.authorGaensler, B.
dc.contributor.authorLonsdale, C.
dc.contributor.authorFeng, L.
dc.contributor.authorHancock, Paul
dc.contributor.authorKaplan, D.
dc.contributor.authorBernardi, G.
dc.contributor.authorBowman, J.
dc.contributor.authorBriggs, F.
dc.contributor.authorCappallo, R.
dc.contributor.authorDeshpande, A.
dc.contributor.authorGreenhill, L.
dc.contributor.authorHazelton, B.
dc.contributor.authorJohnston-Hollitt, M.
dc.contributor.authorMcwhirter, S.
dc.contributor.authorMitchell, D.
dc.contributor.authorMorales, M.
dc.contributor.authorMorgan, E.
dc.contributor.authorOberoi, D.
dc.contributor.authorOrd, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorPrabu, T.
dc.contributor.authorShankar, N.
dc.contributor.authorSrivani, K.
dc.contributor.authorSubrahmanyan, R.
dc.contributor.authorTingay, Steven
dc.contributor.authorWayth, Randall
dc.contributor.authorWebster, R.
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, A.
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, C.
dc.identifier.citationLoi, S. and Murphy, T. and Cairns, I. and Menk, F. and Waters, C. and Erickson, P. and Trott, C. et al. 2015. Real-time imaging of density ducts between the plasmasphere and ionosphere. Geophysical Research Letters. 42 (10): pp. 3707-3714.

Ionization of the Earth's atmosphere by sunlight forms a complex, multilayered plasma environment within the Earth's magnetosphere, the innermost layers being the ionosphere and plasmasphere. The plasmasphere is believed to be embedded with cylindrical density structures (ducts) aligned along the Earth's magnetic field, but direct evidence for these remains scarce. Here we report the first direct wide-angle observation of an extensive array of field-aligned ducts bridging the upper ionosphere and inner plasmasphere, using a novel ground-based imaging technique. We establish their heights and motions by feature tracking and parallax analysis. The structures are strikingly organized, appearing as regularly spaced, alternating tubes of overdensities and underdensities strongly aligned with the Earth's magnetic field. These findings represent the first direct visual evidence for the existence of such structures.

dc.publisherAmerican Geophysical Union
dc.titleReal-time imaging of density ducts between the plasmasphere and ionosphere
dc.typeJournal Article
dcterms.source.titleGeophysical Research Letters
curtin.departmentCurtin Institute of Radio Astronomy (Engineering)
curtin.accessStatusOpen access

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