Development and Validation of Consumers' Need for Ingredient Authenticity (CNIA Scale)
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© 2018 Taylor & Francis. Concepts from country-of-origin, the authenticity concept, and ingredient branding make up the essential literature for this scale development. This study intends to develop a scale specifically to measure consumers' motivation to seek for ingredient authenticity. While studies on authenticity have heavily looked into brands, this study aims to uncover consumers' motivations of ingredient authenticity of the raw materials and artisan skills of the products. Four studies were undertaken to develop and validate this scale. The research adopted the Churchill's (1979) method of scale development. The methods for scale development and its implications are also highlighted.
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Zainol, Z.; Phau, Ian; Cheah, Isaac (2018)© 2018 Taylor & Francis. Concepts from country-of-origin, the authenticity concept, and ingredient branding make up the essential literature for this scale development. This study intends to develop a scale specifically ...
Zainol, Zahirah; Phau, Ian; Cheah, Isaac (2012)PRADA goes local: the ‘Made In’ Campaign features its products being made in countries such as Peru, Scotland, India and Japan has proven to be something out of the ordinary and a bold move taken by the prominent luxury ...
Zainol, Siti Nurzahirah Zakiah Binti (2015)The study investigates the influence of “consumers’ need for ingredient authenticity” towards product and brand evaluations and purchase intentions of luxury brands. A scale to measure ‘consumer needs for ingredient ...