A high performance composite cathode with enhanced CO2 resistance for low and intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells
MetadataShow full item record
© 2018 Elsevier B.V. CO2-resistant perovskite cathode has a significant role in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) application particularly for operation in an air atmosphere contains higher than normal amount of CO2such as in single-chamber SOFC (SC-SOFC). This work features a systematic study of the electrochemical performance of SrCo0.8Nb0.1Ta0.1O3-d(SCNT)-Ce0.9Gd0.1O2-d(GDC) composite cathode under CO2exposure for SOFC operation in low-temperature (LT, 500 °C and below) and intermediate-temperature (IT, 500–700 °C) ranges. The complementary results from powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, in situ high temperature XRD, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and the single cell test show that SCNT-GDC cathode exhibit slightly lower electrochemical performance but higher CO2resistance than SCNT, which enables practical SOFC application. At 550 °C, SCNT-GDC-based single cell has a peak power density of 630 mW cm-2and reduces to a stable power density of 525 mW cm-2after exposure to air containing 1 vol% CO2for 2 h. The collective characterization and electrochemical data presented here highlight the potential of SCNT-GDC composite cathode for use in SC-SOFC and to enhance the performance stability in LT and IT-SOFCs.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Progress in understanding and development of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ-based cathodes for intermediate-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells: A reviewZhou, W.; Ran, R.; Shao, Zongping (2009)Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) convert chemical energy directly into electric power in a highly efficient way. Lowering the operating temperature of SOFCs to around 500-800 °C is one of the main goals in current SOFC ...
Jiang, San Ping; Chen, X. (2013)Intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) using chromia-forming alloy interconnect requires the development of cathode not only with high electrochemical activity but also with the high resistance or ...
Smart utilization of cobaltite-based double perovskite cathodes on barrier-layer-free zirconia electrolyte of solid oxide fuel cellsLi, Meng; Chen, Kongfa; Hua, B.; Luo, J.; Rickard, William; Li, J.; Irvine, J.; Jiang, San Ping (2016)Cobaltite-based double perovskite oxides with high electrocatalytic activity and conductivity have been developed as high-performance cathode alternatives for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). However, the use of cobaltite-based ...