Conodont apatite d<sup>88/86</sup>Sr and d<sup>44/40</sup>Ca compositions and implications for the evolution of Palaeozoic to early Mesozoic seawater
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© 2017 Elsevier B.V. We present high precision (TIMS double spike) stable isotope measurements of both d44/40Ca and d88/86Sr together with radiogenic87Sr/86Sr ratios determined from conodont apatite. These data represent five intervals ranging from the early Ordovician to late Triassic. The conodont d44/40Ca values (relative to NIST 915a) range from - 0.47‰ to + 0.15‰, with an apparent shift to more positive values between the early Silurian and late Devonian/early Carboniferous, similar to the brachiopod-based marine d44/40Ca record (Farkaš et al., 2007a). We calculated a d44/40Ca seawater-bio-apatite fractionation factor of about - 1.9‰, which allowed us to reconstruct a palaeo-seawater d44/40Ca record from bio-apatites. Despite a slightly positive offset of about + 0.2 to + 0.5‰, the d44/40Ca record obtained from bio-apatites is consistent with the previously reported d44/40Ca seawater record inferred from carbonates. We find that unlike the carbonate d44/40Ca records, the d88/86Sr measurements from conodont apatite show unexpectedly large variations (up to ~ 1‰), with ratios ranging from - 0.6‰ to 0.3‰. These reconnaissance data reveal a reasonable correlation between d88/86Sr and radiogenic87Sr/86Sr* (r2 = 0.60, n = 13, p = 0.002), suggesting that the controls from differential weathering regimes and/or continental crustal compositions buffered ancient seawater compositions.
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