Optimization of Empirical Force Fields by Parameter Space Mapping: A Single-Step Perturbation Approach
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© 2017 American Chemical Society. A general method for parametrizing atomic interaction functions is presented. The method is based on an analysis of surfaces corresponding to the difference between calculated and target data as a function of alternative combinations of parameters (parameter space mapping). The consideration of surfaces in parameter space as opposed to local values or gradients leads to a better understanding of the relationships between the parameters being optimized and a given set of target data. This in turn enables for a range of target data from multiple molecules to be combined in a robust manner and for the optimal region of parameter space to be trivially identified. The effectiveness of the approach is illustrated by using the method to refine the chlorine 6-12 Lennard-Jones parameters against experimental solvation free enthalpies in water and hexane as well as the density and heat of vaporization of the liquid at atmospheric pressure for a set of 10 aromatic-chloro compounds simultaneously. Single-step perturbation is used to efficiently calculate solvation free enthalpies for a wide range of parameter combinations. The capacity of this approach to parametrize accurate and transferrable force fields is discussed.
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