Self-reported and agency-notified child sexual abuse in a population-based birth cohort
MetadataShow full item record
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Child sexual abuse (CSA) has been associated with many adverse psychiatric outcomes. However, most studies have relied on retrospective self-report of exposure to CSA. We set out to investigate the incidence of CSA in the same birth cohort using both retrospective self-report and prospective government agency notification, and examine the psychological outcomes in young adulthood. The primary outcomes were measures of DSM-IV diagnoses (CIDI-Auto) at age 21. The 21-year retrospective CSA questions were completed by 3739 participants. CSA was self-reported by 19.3% of males and 30.6% of females. After adjustment for potential confounders, both self-reported and agency-notified CSA were associated with increased odds of lifetime major depressive disorder (MDD), anxiety disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). For the first time in a birth cohort, this study has shown the disparity between the incidence of CSA when measured by self-report and government agency notification. Despite this discrepancy, adverse psychiatric outcomes are seen when CSA is defined using either method.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Validity of self-reported versus hospital-coded diagnosis of stroke: A cross-sectional and longitudinal studyJamrozik, E.; Hyde, Z.; Alfonso, Helman; Flicker, L.; Almeida, O.; Yeap, B.; Norman, P.; Hankey, G.; Jamrozik, K. (2014)Background: Population-based studies, as well as clinicians, often rely on self-report and hospital records to obtain a history of stroke. This study aimed to compare the validity of the diagnosis of stroke by self-report ...
Mills, R.; Kisely, S.; Alati, Rosa; Strathearn, L.; Najman, J. (2017)© 2016 Society for the Study of Addiction Aims: To investigate whether: (1) child maltreatment is associated with life-time cannabis use, early-onset cannabis use, daily cannabis use and DSM-IV cannabis abuse in young ...
Heritage, Kyle M. (2012)In Zohar’s Multilevel Model of Safety Climate (Zohar, 2000; 2003; Zohar & Luria, 2005), workers’ perceptions of their supervisor and manager’s commitment to safety are separately assessed and aggregated to the group and ...