Investigating the ability of high-rate GNSS-PPP for determining the vibration modes of engineering structures: small scale model experiment
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This study evaluates the performance of the Precise Point Positioning method using Global Navigation Satellite System measurements (GNSS-PPP) for monitoring vibration modes of shear type buildings excited by harmonic ground motions and hammer tests. For experimental testing, the shear type lumped-mass building system is represented by a specially designed metal frame model, resembling a three story building, which was excited on a small scale shaking table. The excitation protocols applied were harmonic motions with different frequencies and amplitudes. The metal model has special deformation plates at the column tips to prevent the nonlinear rotations and out-of-plane motions for the entire system. The fundamental vibration periods of the model structure were computed by a Finite Element Mathematical (FEM) model, which were compared with the position variations determined by GNSS-PPP. Two GNSS receivers were mounted on top of the model structure on the line perpendicular to the motion axis to measure the rotation motion. The GNSS data comprised dual-frequency observations with a 10 Hz sampling rate. GNSS-derived positioning was obtained by processing the data using a post-mission kinematic PPP method with fixed phase ambiguities. Analysis of the characteristics of the vibration frequencies showed that the high-rate GNSS PPP method can capture the frequencies of first motion mode of shear type structural response when compared with the FEM output. Results demonstrate the efficiency of the high-rate GNSS PPP method in monitoring first motion mode of a natural frequency.
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