Biodiesel production from used cooking oil using green solid catalyst derived from calcined fusion waste chicken and fish bones
MetadataShow full item record
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd This paper evaluates the feasibility of using fusion waste chicken and fish bones as the reusable and low cost solid catalyst for synthesis of biodiesel from used cooking oil via two-step transesterification. A catalyst characterization of the prepared fusion waste chicken and fish bones catalyst was made in order to study their catalytic performance through various techniques such as Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), Particle Size Analysis (PSA), Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA), Fourier Transform Infrared spectra (FTIR), Carbon Dioxide-Temperature Programmed Desorption (TPD-CO2) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). The used cooking oil transesterification was optimized using a response surface methodology (RSM) based on five level three variables central composite design (CCD). The RSM results revealed that the optimal operational condition for the transesterification has defined as: catalyst loading, 1.98%w/v, reaction temperature, 65 °C and time, 1.54 h, whereas the alcohol/oil molar ratio, 10:1 is a fixed variable in this study. The actual biodiesel yield of 89.5% was achieved under the predicted optimal conditions and fulfilled the ASTM D6751 biodiesel fuel standards. The promising features of the chicken and fish bones catalyst are inexpensive, easily obtained, simple work-up, simple recovery, reusability without significant drop in catalytic activity for up to four consecutive runs.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Application of RSM and Taguchi methods for optimizing the transesterification of waste cooking oil catalyzed by solid ostrich and chicken-eggshell derived CaOTan, Yie Hua ; Abdullah, M.O.; Nolasco-Hipolito, C.; Ahmad Zauzi, N.S. (2017)© 2017 Elsevier Ltd This paper reported the optimization of biodiesel production from waste cooking oil catalyzed by solid ostrich-eggshell and chicken-eggshell derived CaO via transesterification process using response ...
The potential of waste cooking oil-based biodiesel using heterogeneous catalyst derived from various calcined eggshells coupled with an emulsification technique: A review on the emission reduction and engine performanceTan, Yie Hua ; Abdullah, M.O.; Nolasco-Hipolito, C. (2015)© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Abstract Nowadays, biodiesel is an alternative fuel to replace the existing petroleum-based diesel. The advantages of biodiesel are good combustion efficiency, high-lubricity, ...
Larcombe, A.; Kicic, A.; Mullins, Ben; Knothe, G. (2015)© 2015 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology. Biodiesel is a generic term for fuel that can be made from virtually any plant or animal oil via transesterification of triglycerides with an alcohol (and usually a catalyst). ...